No matter how simple or complex your skincare routine is, a moisturizer is probably the one thing everyone includes. Who wants dry skin? It feels just as bad as it looks. That being said, not all moisturizers are equal. Too much moisturizer can lead to breakouts for some, while too little can lead to dryness and premature wrinkles. The best way to get the right moisturizer for you is to know your skin type. Not sure what category your skin falls into? There are four main ones.
Dry. As the name says, this type of skin has a tendency for dryness. It can feel tight and rough.
Combination. This type of skin is dry in some parts and oily in others. Usually, the forehead and nose (or t-zone) are oily while the cheeks are dry.
Oily. This type of skin is more prone to oiliness. It has a shiny appearance and visible pores.
Normal. If your skin doesn't feel overly dry or oily in any area, you are blessed with normal skin.
So, now that you know what type of skin you have, what ingredients should you be seeking out in a moisturizer?
Moisturizers for dry skin.
Look for hydrating ingredients like aloe vera, plant oils (avocado, olive, almond, etc), shea butter, and B vitamins. Avoid potential irritants like alcohol, sulfates, perfumes, and dyes - dry skin is more prone to sensitivity, so you may want to go organic. You'll want a moisturizer that has a thick and creamy consistency that can really nourish the skin.
Moisturizers for combination skin.
Having combination skin is tricky as you always have two things to consider. You want a moisturizer that hydrates your dry areas without adding extra oiliness to the rest of your face. Look for light, oil-free options that can meet all of your skincare needs in the middle. Lotions, serums, gels, and whips will be your best bet. Avoid heavy products like creams and ointments. Ingredients like glycerin and hyaluronic acid provide oil-free moisture, while others like green tea and rose water work to tighten pores.
Moisturizers for oily skin.
Oily skin may not look or feel dry externally, but it still needs hydration. It's also more prone to acne, and anti-acne products are known for drying out skin. A good moisturizer can combat extra oiliness, reduce shine, and minimize blemishes. Definitely look for an oil-free product. Avoid heavy creams and stick to lightweight serums and gels. As for ingredients? Look for pore-minimizing clay and blemish-shrinking salicylic acid.
Moisturizers for normal skin.
If you don't have any particular skin issues, you may be thinking that you can get away with any kind of moisturizer. But you won't be needing a super mattifying or intensely hydrating one. Look for a cream that will keep your skin balanced - you don't need the thickness of an ointment or the lightness of a serum. Look for antioxidant ingredients like green tea, pomegranate, and chamomile that keep skin looking fresh and healthy.
Beautifully hydrated skin is achievable for everyone. You just need to understand your skin's personal needs.